Open source = open government?

This could make an interesting topic for a paper – but I need to make sure it's not too general. Others can do polical philosphy far better than I.

There is (will be) a lot of literature and claims around this subject. from both theoretical and practical viewpoints. The argument is particularly well rehearsed in the field of eVoting, though the introduction of Shared Source by Microsoft and others has muddied the waters to some extent.

It will be best to find a specific example where the open/closed decision was made by a government body, and to explore its consequences and implications.

The focus must be on what's happening in the real world. That is, a tool that is being actively used, not something that was funded, developed and is now comatose. Though it might be interesting to look at the factors behind why some e-government applications fail – which might or (more likely) might not be related to the licensing regime.

One possibility would be a discussion of the issues around a system that our department has developed. There are some serious practical reasons why releasing the code would be difficult.

Among them I can see:

  • Ownership: Responsibility for the code still has to rest somewhere
  • Quality Assurance: The users would want some sort of assurance that the code hadn't been hacked and was stable
  • Support: Who would support the users, in configuring, maintenance/bugfixing and development of new feature
  • Funding: Who would pay for all this, and how?

Solutions to these problems have been found before, and applications have been successfully transferred to the FLOSS domain. But are they applicable in the circumstances of say an internally developed e-petitioning system? Would moving to FLOSS make any difference to the perceived or actual openness and accountability of the application and service that is provided? How? Indeed, how much is openness and accountability a requirement in e-government decisions?

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About Peter Cruickshank

Lecturer in the School of Computing and a member of the Centre for Social Informatics at Edinburgh Napier University, Scotland. Interested in information systems, learning, politics, society, security and where they intersect. My attempts at rounding out my character include food, cinema, running, history and, together with my lovely wife, bringing up a cat and a couple of kids.
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2 Responses to Open source = open government?

  1. Peter says:

    One example of an argument for going FLOSS irrespective of the opinions of existing clients:

    Free source means many people can try it out, so you’re growing the market more than your normal capacity.

    So even if rival support/installation organisations arise, we could still be generating more work (=income) for ourselves than would otherwise have been the case.

    Key is to control the roadmap and source-repository – while allowing the community to do the work of maintaining the forum and suggesting enhancements and bugfixes.

    Revenue sources:
    – Installation
    – Customisation
    – Upgrades

    Lost revenue
    – Day-to-day support if a community arises

    But the community would provide good publicity and assurance for new organisations.

  2. Anonymous says:

    Have you come across jason kitkat yet? He’s very into open source edemocracy:

    http://www.j-dom.org/h/f/JDOM/blog//1//

    Also Wolter Pieters (colin and I met him at the e-voting workshop) was involved in an open source e-voting project http://www.sos.cs.ru.nl/research/society/voting/main.html
    http://www.louiseferguson.com/resources/evoting-europe.htm

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